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Respiratory Severity Score during the First 3 Hours of Life as a Predictor for Failure of Noninvasive Respiratory Support and Need for Late Rescue Surfactant AdministrationFunding None.
Objective Preterm infants often develop failure of noninvasive respiratory support. These infants miss the advantages of early rescue surfactant therapy. In this study, we evaluate the utility of respiratory severity score (RSS) during the first 3 hours of life (HOL) as a predictor for failure of noninvasive respiratory support.
Study Design We conducted a post hoc analysis of infants between 23 and 40 weeks' gestational age who received usual care in the AERO-02 clinical trial. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis were used to assess whether the RSS summary measures were associated with the odds of surfactant administration.
Results Study involved 146 infants. Sixty-four infants (45%) received surfactant within the first 72 hours. Administration of surfactant was associated with the mean RSS (p < 0.01) and the linear trend (p < 0.01).
Conclusion We demonstrated that RSS during the first 3 HOL can predict failure of noninvasive respiratory support and need for late rescue surfactant administration. Optimal RSS cutoffs for early rescue surfactant therapy need to be determined in large cohort studies.
Early recognition of infants at risk of failure of noninvasive ventilation is important to prevent complications.
It is desirable to identify patients who would benefit from early rescue surfactant treatment.
RSS in first 3 hours can be used as a predictor of failure of noninvasive respiratory support.
Keywordsrespiratory distress syndrome - surfactant - early rescue surfactant - CPAP failure - respiratory severity score
Received: 23 January 2023
Accepted: 18 July 2023
Article published online:
24 August 2023
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