CC BY 4.0 · The Arab Journal of Interventional Radiology 2024; 08(02): 054-062
DOI: 10.1055/s-0044-1787158
Review Article

Simplifying Stem Cell Therapy for IRs: Exploring New Horizons in Interventional Radiology and Cell Therapy

Hossein Ghanaati
1   Department of Radiology, Advanced Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology Research Center (ADIR), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
1   Department of Radiology, Advanced Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology Research Center (ADIR), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
› Author Affiliations


The effective treatment of various diseases requires not only medications but also precise delivery methods to the body and specific organs. In this regard, radiology plays a crucial role, acting as the eyes of physicians. In contrast, interventional radiology serves as its hands, acting as one of the most effective drug delivery systems. Among interventional radiology disciplines, arterial drug delivery through arteries holds paramount importance as organs primarily receive nourishment directly from them. Furthermore, regenerative medicine is a burgeoning field dedicated to repairing diverse body tissues without relying on pharmaceutical drugs. Stem cells, inherent in various parts of our bodies, are vital for tissue regeneration and reconstruction. Depending on the treatment approach, stem cells can be sourced from the patient's body (autologous) or another individual (allogeneic). There exist various types of stem cells across species, with regenerative properties observed in animals and even plants. However, targeted cell therapy is preferred over systematic injections throughout the body for better efficacy. This article aims to familiarize interventionalists with stem cells and provide them with a clear and helpful explanation of their functions, mechanisms of action, different sources, and other relevant aspects. This will help them select the most appropriate cells for their therapeutic purposes. By comprehensively understanding the significance of stem cells in interventional radiology, we can implement optimal methodologies to address diverse medical conditions efficiently.


The part of the article is presented in PAIRS congress 2024, 2/10/2024, HALL B, Stem cell therapy in IR, What IRs should know?, Presented by: Dr. Maedeh Rouzbahani.

Ethical Approval Statement

This review article adheres to the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki.

Publication History

Article published online:
01 July 2024

© 2024. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, permitting unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction so long as the original work is properly cited. (

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