© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York
Minimally invasive surgery
25 January 2007 (online)
Since the introduction of the laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the late 1980s, traditional open surgical methods have been gradually replaced with minimally invasive alternatives. Recently, laparoscopic procedures have been replacing even the most complicated open abdominal operations. Minimally invasive surgery is literally changing the complexion of the modern practice of surgery.
The best example to illustrate recent emphasis of minimally invasive surgery is to review the changes in postgraduate surgical training over the past decade. Ten years ago there were only a few fellowships in minimally invasive surgery. Currently, there are 128 approved minimally invasive surgery fellowships in the United States for general surgery alone. The candidates who fill these new positions are those who would previously have applied for the other fellowship positions. This fact has significantly altered postgraduate surgical training because residents are choosing minimally invasive fellowships over the traditional surgical disciplines. In 2005, cardiothoracic and vascular surgery fellowship programs did not have enough applicants to fill the available positions. In comparison, minimally invasive fellowships had to turn away a surplus of applicants. Residents applying for fellowships are moving away from some of the more traditional disciplines towards minimally invasive surgery; over time this trend will change the make up of surgical specialists nationally.
This paper reviews four major articles that were published between August 2005 and August 2006, and which had an impact on the field of minimally invasive surgery.
- 1 Swanstrom L L, Kozarek R, Pasricha P J. et al . Development of a new access device for transgastric surgery. J Gastrointest Surg. 2005; 9 1129-1136; discussion 1136 - 1137
- 2 Rattner D, Kalloo A. ASGE/SAGES Working Group on Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery. October 2005. Surg Endosc. 2006; 20 329-333
- 3 Kantsevoy S V, Hu B, Jagannath S B. et al . Transgastric endoscopic splenectomy: is it possible?. Surg Endosc. 2006; 20 522-525
- 4 Merrifield B F, Wagh M S, Thompson C C. Peroral transgastric organ resection: a feasibility study in pigs. Gastrointest Endosc. 2006; 63 693-697
- 5 Smoot T M, Xu P, Hilsenrath P. et al . Gastric bypass surgery in the United States, 1998 - 2002. Am J Public Health. 2006; 96 1187-1189
- 6 Milone L, Strong V, Gagner M. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is superior to endoscopic intragastric balloon as a first stage procedure for super-obese patients (BMI > or = 50). Obes Surg. 2005; 15 612-617
- 7 Almogy G, Crookes P F, Anthone G J. Longitudinal gastrectomy as a treatment for the high-risk super-obese patient. Obes Surg. 2004; 14 492-497
- 8 Cottam D, Qureshi F G, Mattar S G. et al . Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy as an initial weight-loss procedure for high-risk patients with morbid obesity. Surg Endosc. 2006; 20 859-863
- 9 Hashemi M, Peters J H, DeMeester T R. et al . Laparoscopic repair of large type III hiatal hernia: objective followup reveals high recurrence rate. J Am Coll Surg. 2000; 190 553-560; discussion 560 - 561
- 10 Johnson J M, Carbonell A M, Carmody B J. et al . Laparoscopic mesh hiatoplasty for paraesophageal hernias and fundoplications: a critical analysis of the available literature. Surg Endosc. 2006; 20 362-366
- 11 Wisbach G, Peterson T, Thoman D. Early results of the use of acellular dermal allograft in type III paraesophageal hernia repair. JSLS. 2006; 10 184-187
- 12 Carbajo M A, Martin del Olmo J C, Blanco J I. et al . Laparoscopic treatment vs open surgery in the solution of major incisional and abdominal wall hernias with mesh. Surg Endosc. 1999; 13 250-252
- 13 Heniford B T, Park A, Ramshaw B J, Voeller G. Laparoscopic repair of ventral hernias: nine years" experience with 850 consecutive hernias. Ann Surg. 2003; 238 391-399; discussion 399 - 400
- 14 Novitsky Y W, Cobb W S, Kercher K W. et al . Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair in obese patients: a new standard of care. Arch Surg. 2006; 141 57-61
G. Stiegmann, MD
UCHSC Box C313
4200 East Ninth Ave
Denver, CO 80262