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© Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart · New York
Alterations of the Plasma Selenium Concentrations and the Activities of Tissue Peroxide Metabolism Enzymes in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats
14 March 2008 (online)
The activity of aortic glutathione peroxidase, a selenium-dependent enzyme, significantly decreased in rats 4 and 8 months after the injection of streptozotocin (STZ). Catalase activity was shown to occur at low levels in rat aorta and was not influenced by the diabetic state. Super-oxide dismutase activity was less than detectable. The activity of selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase in kidney, but not in lung and liver, increased in diabetic rats. Catalase and superoxide dismutase activities in the kidney were not altered. The plasma lipid peroxide value increased in diabetic rats. The selenium content in plasma of diabetic rats increased markedly while the increase in plasma glutathione peroxidase activities was insignificant. The observed abnormalities in plasma of STZ rats were improved by insulin treatment. The defects in glutathione peroxidase in the diabetic rat aorta were restored by insulin treatment. These results may suggest that the capacity of the antioxidative defense system in the aorta decreased in the diabetic state, and this may help clarify the mechanism of the pathogenesis of endothelial dysfunction associated with diabetes.
Glutathione Peroxidase - Selenium - Lipid Peroxidation - Aorta - Diabetes - Arteriosclerosis - Streptozotocin - Insulin