Visual Evoked Potentials in High-Risk Infants
19 March 2008 (online)
Flash VEPs were recorded in 109 high-risk infants, and the result were compared with the clinical outcome of the infants at the age of one year. 87 of the infants (80 %) had a normal outcome and also seemed to have normal VEP maturation. This material was used as a reference for infants with abnormal outcome. Altogether, 20 infants (18 %) had abnormal VEPs. In most of these repeated VEPs were recorded.
In 70 cases the first VEP was recorded at an age of less than three months. Among these 57 children had normal outcome, with abnormal VEPs in 8 cases (14%). 13 infants who had an abnormal outcome had abnormal VEPs in 7 cases (54 %). 7 infants of them had poor outcome, and they had abnormal VEPs in 6 cases (86 %). The difference between normal and abnormal outcome was statistically significant.
The present results indicate that it is possible to predict the poor outcome but not the moderate abnormality by VEP. The absence of VEP or its abnormal wave form were the most important parameters to predict the prognosis.
Our present opinion is that VEPs should be recorded selectively, e.g. according to the findings in ultrasound examination, at least twice, the first time as soon as possible after birth and the second time at the age of two months.
VEP - High-risk infants - Maturation - Prognosis