Facial plast Surg 1999; 15(1): 25-32
DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1064298
© 1999 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.

The Use of Bone Grafts in the Upper Craniomaxillofacial Skeleton

John L. Frodel Jr. 
  • Division of Otolaryngology, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, NM
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Publication History

Publication Date:
02 June 2008 (online)


While a plethora of new biologic and alloplastic materials are available for reconstruction of defects in the upper craniomaxillofacial skeleton, the role of free non-vascularized bone grafts remains an important one. In this review, this role will be defined in detail using case presentations to demonstrate a variety of ways in which such bone grafts may be helpful in reconstructing various facial skeletal defects.