Facial plast Surg 1999; 15(1): 83-89
DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1064303
© 1999 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.

The Use of Intraoperative Image-Guided Surgical Techniques for Reconstruction of Orbital and Zygomatic Deformities

John L. Frodel1  Jr. , Elba Pacheco2
  • 1Division of Otolaryngology, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, New Mexico
  • 2Department of Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
02 June 2008 (online)


Secondary orbital and periorbital skeletal reconstruction remains a difficult challenge. Recent use of intraoperative CT image guided surgery techniques have allowed an improved operator confidence in such reconstructions. In this review, cases illustrating the use of image guided surgery techniques in patients with fixed, secondary orbital and zygomatic deformities will be demonstrated.