CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Eur J Dent 2015; 09(02): 246-250
DOI: 10.4103/1305-7456.156845
Original Article
Dental Investigation Society

Effect of peroxide bleaching on the biaxial flexural strength and modulus of bovine dentin

Adriana Oliveira Carvalho
1  Department of Restorative Dentistry, Operative Dentistry Division, Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil
,
Ana Paula Almeida Ayres
1  Department of Restorative Dentistry, Operative Dentistry Division, Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil
,
Letícia Cunha Amaral Gonzaga de Almeida
2  Department of Restorative Dentistry, Operative Dentistry Division, Araçatuba Dental School, São Paulo State University, Araçatuba, SP, Brazil
,
André Luiz Fraga Briso
2  Department of Restorative Dentistry, Operative Dentistry Division, Araçatuba Dental School, São Paulo State University, Araçatuba, SP, Brazil
,
Frederick Allen Rueggeberg
3  Department of Oral Rehabilitation, Dental Materials Section, College of Dental Medicine, Georgia Regents University, Augusta, GA, USA
,
Marcelo Giannini
1  Department of Restorative Dentistry, Operative Dentistry Division, Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
04 September 2019 (online)

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study evaluated the effects of carbamide peroxide and hydrogen peroxide on the biaxial flexural strength and flexural modulus of bovine dentin. Materials and Methods: Thirty coronal dentin disks (0.5 mm thick × 6.0 mm diameter) were prepared from bovine teeth. The disks were randomly divided into three groups (n=10): A control group (unbleached), a group bleached with 10% carbamide peroxide (8 h at 37°C), and a group bleached with 38% hydrogen peroxide (three 10 min applications at 37°C). The specimens were tested in a biaxial flexural apparatus held in a universal testing machine at 1.27 mm/min until failure occurred, and the biaxial mechanical properties were calculated. For each test parameter, the data were statistically analyzed by Fisher's PLSD test (predetermined ⍺ = 0.05). Results: The group bleached with 38% hydrogen peroxide demonstrated significantly lower flexural strength than the unbleached control group. Hydrogen peroxide treatment resulted in a significantly lower flexural modulus compared with the control group and with carbamide peroxide bleaching. Conclusion: Exposure of dentin to hydrogen peroxide significantly reduced both the flexural strength and the flexural modulus compared with the no-treatment control, whereas exposure to carbamide peroxide did not significantly affect either parameter.