Endoscopy 2018; 50(10): E307-E308
DOI: 10.1055/a-0631-7970
E-Videos
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Resection of gallbladder polyps following endoscopic ultrasound-guided cholecystoduodenostomy using a lumen-apposing metal stent

Li Tian*
Department of Gastroenterology and Hunan Key Laboratory of Nonresolving Inflammation and Cancer, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Changsha, Hunan China
,
Yuanyuan Yang*
Department of Gastroenterology and Hunan Key Laboratory of Nonresolving Inflammation and Cancer, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Changsha, Hunan China
,
Dinghua Xiao
Department of Gastroenterology and Hunan Key Laboratory of Nonresolving Inflammation and Cancer, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Changsha, Hunan China
,
Rui Wang
Department of Gastroenterology and Hunan Key Laboratory of Nonresolving Inflammation and Cancer, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Changsha, Hunan China
,
Xiayu Li
Department of Gastroenterology and Hunan Key Laboratory of Nonresolving Inflammation and Cancer, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Changsha, Hunan China
,
Shourong Shen
Department of Gastroenterology and Hunan Key Laboratory of Nonresolving Inflammation and Cancer, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Changsha, Hunan China
,
Xiaoyan Wang
Department of Gastroenterology and Hunan Key Laboratory of Nonresolving Inflammation and Cancer, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Changsha, Hunan China
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Corresponding author

Xiaoyan Wang, MD, PhD
Department of Gastroenterology
The Third Xiangya Hospital
Central South University
Changsha
Hunan 410013
China   

Publication History

Publication Date:
08 August 2018 (eFirst)

 

A 52-year-old woman with gallbladder polyps had a strong wish to keep her gallbladder. Abdominal ultrasound showed the contractile function of her gallbladder was good. Imaging including endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), computed tomography (CT), and abdominal ultrasound indicated that these polyps were benign lesions. Therefore, an EUS-guided gallbladder polyp resection was performed, instead of cholecystectomy ([Video 1]).

Video 1 Endoscopic ultrasound-guided cholecystoduodenostomy using an electrocautery-enhanced lumen-apposing metal stent for the treatment of gallbladder polyps.

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Firstly, the gallbladder was scanned by EUS at the duodenal bulb, which showed a hyperechoic lesion ([Fig. 1]). A 19-gauge needle was used to puncture the body of the gallbladder and this was followed by injection of contrast medium through the needle. A 0.035-inch guidewire was then advanced through the needle to allow insertion of an electrocautery-enhanced lumen-apposing metal stent (ECE-LAMS). The LAMS was released and its position was confirmed radiographically ([Fig. 2 a, b]).

Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Endoscopic ultrasound view of the gallbladder showing a hyperechoic lesion about 1.0 cm in diameter.
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 The procedure for polyp resection via an endoscopic ultrasound-guided cholecystoduodenostomy using a lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS). a Endoscopic view showing the LAMS successfully placed with the distal flange deployed in the gallbladder and the proximal flange in the duodenal bulb. b Radiographic image confirming the position of the LAMS. c View using a gastroscope passed through the LAMS showing a gallbladder polyp. d Endoscopic view showing the fistula closed by clips.

Nasojejunal enteral nutrition was administered. One week after the cholecystoduodenostomy, a gastroscope was introduced into the gallbladder via the LAMS, and three polys were revealed ([Fig. 2 c]), two of which were initially resected by snares. Owing to the limited space and visual field for operating, the LAMS was removed straight after these resections. The last polyp was then resected, and the fistula was immediately closed with clips ([Fig. 2 d]).

During 2 months of follow-up, the patient recovered well without any complications, such as peritonitis, infection, or bleeding. Pathological examination of the resected polyps indicated that they were adenomatous polyps ([Fig. 3]).

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Fig. 3 Pathological examination of the resected polyps showing adenomatous polyps.

This is the first case report to show in detail the procedure of EUS-guided gallbladder polyp resection, thereby avoiding cholecystectomy. Compared with laparoscopic cholecystectomy, the advantage of this endoscopic technique is retention of the gallbladder, which is especially important for those who are diagnosed with gallbladder polyps but have a well-functioning gallbladder [1]. In this case, an ECE-LAMS, a novel stent combining a LAMS with an electrocautery-enhanced delivery system, was used for the formation of the fistula tract [2]. The use of the ECE-LAMS promoted the efficiency and safety of the procedure by reducing the time needed to replace accessories that would otherwise have been required to place the stent.

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Competing interests

None

* Contributed equally to this work



Corresponding author

Xiaoyan Wang, MD, PhD
Department of Gastroenterology
The Third Xiangya Hospital
Central South University
Changsha
Hunan 410013
China   


Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Endoscopic ultrasound view of the gallbladder showing a hyperechoic lesion about 1.0 cm in diameter.
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 The procedure for polyp resection via an endoscopic ultrasound-guided cholecystoduodenostomy using a lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS). a Endoscopic view showing the LAMS successfully placed with the distal flange deployed in the gallbladder and the proximal flange in the duodenal bulb. b Radiographic image confirming the position of the LAMS. c View using a gastroscope passed through the LAMS showing a gallbladder polyp. d Endoscopic view showing the fistula closed by clips.
Zoom Image
Fig. 3 Pathological examination of the resected polyps showing adenomatous polyps.