CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Indian Journal of Neurotrauma 2021; 18(01): 84-85
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1713325
Letter to the Editor

Making Our Roads Safer for the Citizens of India

Amrita Ghosh
1  Department of Biochemistry, Calcutta Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
,
Ranabir Pal
2  Department of Community Medicine, Mata Gujari Memorial Medical College and LSK Hospital, Kishanganj, Bihar, India
,
Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar
3  Neurosurgery-Critical Care, Red Latino, Organizacion Latinoamericana de Trauma y cuidado, Neurointensivo, Bogota, Colombia
,
Amit Agrawal
4  Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Saket Nagar, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
› Author Affiliations
 

Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are estimated to constitute one-fourths of global disability adjusted life year (DALY) loss and are going to become the third top causes of DALY loss by 2020 from the existing ninth place.[1] Road safety is a vital paradigm of quality of life to bring holistic socioeconomic and logistical paybacks to global health.[1] Despite RTIs being predictable and to a large extent preventable, global road safety agenda was out of vision for long times.[2] [3] The speedy growth and development of the road linkages in India with the increase in number of motorized vehicles have led to a considerable escalation in intensities, quantities, magnitude, and expansion, on a countrywide scale, of commuter and cargo movements. The mainstay of the research on the RTI is an injury registry with special emphasis on traumatic brain injury to bridge the lacunae of information on risk factors, interventions, and outcomes in the developed world.[4]

We need a representative national database to assess the health impact of injury with a range of socioeconomic downstream effects. The developed countries have improved their quality of care of the injury at hospital and pre-hospital levels by using injury registry, which is a cost-effective yet comprehensive data-collection system that includes assorted parameters of probable interventions in any scenario. In spite of highest sincerity, as the trauma registry is a hospital-based data collection system, it may not give information about pre-hospital care.[3] [5] In the holistic concept of road safety, we need to internalize that life is indeed a learning process; no matter whatever titles or positions we hold or have had under our belts or how old we are, we need to experience and learn about that we may have limited ability in the course of everyday living. We need extensive capacity building of community-level injury intervention at all levels of curricular health care teaching learning on priority.[6] [7]

Road safety is a shared responsibility among numerous stakeholders; as such, all should work hand in hand toward one goal of road safety.[8] Well-planned pre-hospital care training needs to be harnessed at all levels, starting from the first responder training to improving infrastructure, and all the logistics to upgrade. Further, there is need for updating of the capacity building of first responders, namely police, fire brigade, and ambulance personnel, so that they can confidently perform the airway, breathing, circulation, disability, and exposure ( ABCDE) scrutiny, resuscitate, triage, etc., instead of adopting the “scoop and run” policy as conventionally practiced. The bystanders at the injury site play a crucial role—when each moment is invaluable to save the life from danger—by providing ABCDE approach that is easy to learn.[9] We need to understand road safety beyond the compulsory use of protective gears. We have to set up a platform for evaluating the gaps in intervening RTIs. Further, we need to synthesize the results and extrapolate the findings from global road safety research and administrative footsteps to save citizens of our country.


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Conflict of Interest

None declared.


Address for correspondence

Amit Agrawal, MCh
Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Saket Nagar
Bhopal 462020, Madhya Pradesh
India   

Publication History

Publication Date:
26 August 2020 (online)

© 2020. Neurotrauma Society of India. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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