Rofo 2020; 192(09): 835-846
DOI: 10.1055/a-1183-5438
Guideline

Position Paper of the German Society for Interventional Radiology (DeGIR) on Prostatic Artery Embolization

Article in several languages: English | deutsch
Attila Kovács
1  MediClin Robert Janker Clinic, Clinic of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, Bonn, Germany
,
Arno Bücker
2  Saarland University Medical Center, Clinic of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Homburg/Saar, Germany
,
Marc-Oliver Grimm
3  Jena University Hospital, Department of Urology, Jena, Germany
,
Christian R. Habermann
4  Kath. Marienhospital Hamburg, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Hamburg, Germany
,
Marcus Katoh
5  Helios-Hospital Krefeld, Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Krefeld, Germany
,
Alexander Massmann
2  Saarland University Medical Center, Clinic of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Homburg/Saar, Germany
,
Andreas H. Mahnken
6  Marburg University Hospital, Clinic of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Marburg, Germany
,
Bernhard C. Meyer
7  Hannover Medical School, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Hannover, Germany
,
Michael Moche
8  Helios-Park-Klinikum Leipzig, Department of Interventional Radiology, Leipzig, Germany
,
Peter Reimer
9  Städtisches Klinikum Karlsruhe, Academic teaching hospital of the University of Freiburg, Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Karlsruhe, Germany
,
Ulf Teichgräber
10  Jena University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Jena, Germany
,
Frank K. Wacker
7  Hannover Medical School, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Hannover, Germany
,
In Zusammenarbeit mit der DeGIR-Lenkungsgruppe Wissenschaft und dem DeGIR-Vorstand› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Background In recent years prostate artery embolization (PAE) evolved into a clinically established minimally invasive endovascular treatment option for lower urinary tract symptoms caused by benign prostate syndrome (BPS).

Methods In this interdisciplinary position paper, initiated by the steering group for research of the German Society for Interventional Radiology (IR), the method of PAE is presented and discussed in the context of current evidence.

Results PAE is a safe IR procedure for the treatment of BPS. In terms of symptom relief, measured with the IPSS (International Prostate Symptom Score), the PAE has comparable effect, similar to the historic gold standard, transurethral resection (TUR) of the prostate. With regard to reducing subvesical obstruction PAE is inferior to TUR, but does not limit subsequent surgery. Based on current evidence, PAE is recommended by the British National Institute for Health and Care Excellence as an alternative therapy. The feasibility under local anaesthesia and the preservation of sexual function are important arguments for patients in favour of interventional therapy. Patient selection and therapy concepts require close interdisciplinary collaboration between urologists and radiologists.

Conclusion Effectiveness and safety of PAE for the treatment of BPS are proven. Further randomized trials should focus on long term outcome and help to identify most suitable indications for PAE.

Key Points:

  • PAE, an endovascular procedure, is a patient-friendly, minimally invasive, alternative therapy option of the BPS

  • PAE can reduce the symptoms of the lower urinary tract (LUTS), comparable to transurethral resection (TUR). The deobstructive and volume-reducing potential of the PAE is inferior to that of the TUR

  • The main advantages of PAE are use of local anesthesia (no general anesthesia required), short patient recovery and maintenance of sexual function, including antegrade ejaculation.

  • Based on current evidence PAE should be considered after conservative drug therapy and before TUR.

  • The role of PAE in the context of other minimally invasive procedures (MIST) requires further evaluation with an open minded approach towards PAE.

  • PAE is carried out by interventional radiologists, usually on a referral basis from urologists, and requires close interdisciplinary cooperation.

Citation Format

  • Kovacs A, Bücker A, Grimm M et al. Position Paper of the German Society for Interventional Radiology (DeGIR) on Prostatic Artery Embolization. Fortschr Röntgenstr 2020; 192: 835 – 846



Publication History

Received: 09 March 2020

Accepted: 11 May 2020

Publication Date:
02 July 2020 (online)

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG
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