Int J Sports Med 2021; 42(06): 544-549
DOI: 10.1055/a-1263-0938
Orthopedics and Biomechanics

Lower Extremity Pain and Pitching Kinematics and Kinetics in Collegiate Softball Pitchers

Gretchen D. Oliver
1  School of Kinesiology, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, USA
,
Kenzie B. Friesen
1  School of Kinesiology, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, USA
,
Jeff W. Barfield
2  Department of Physical Education and Exercise Science, Lander University, Greenwood, South Carolina, USA
,
Kevin A. Giordano
1  School of Kinesiology, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, USA
,
Nicole M. Bordelon
1  School of Kinesiology, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, USA
,
Adam W. Anz
3  Andrews Research and Education Foundation, Gulf Breeze, Florida, USA
,
Michael D. Goodlett
4  Auburn Sports Medicine, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, USA
,
James R. Andrews
3  Andrews Research and Education Foundation, Gulf Breeze, Florida, USA
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

The primary aims of the study were (1) to examine kinematics and kinetics of those pitching with and without lower extremity pain in collegiate softball pitchers, and (2) to determine if there was an association between the lower extremity pain and lower extremity kinematics, trunk kinematics, and shoulder kinetics in collegiate softball pitchers. Thirty-seven NCAA Division I female collegiate softball pitchers (19.8±1.3 yrs,173.7±7.7 cm, 79.0±12.4 kg) participated. Participants were divided into two groups, those who were currently experiencing lower extremity pain and those who were not. Participants threw three rise ball pitches. Kinematic data were collected at 100 Hz using an electromagnetic tracking system. Mann-Whitney U tests revealed no significant kinematic or kinetic differences between pitchers with and without lower extremity pain. Additionally, there were no significant correlations between pain and recorded kinematic and kinetic variables. Considering there were no biomechanical differences observed between pitchers, coaches and athletic trainers should take caution with athlete assessment since athletes may not display altered biomechanics. Further examination into the duration and degree of pain is needed in an attempt to fully understand the implication of pain and pitching mechanics.



Publication History

Received: 31 March 2020

Accepted: 01 September 2020

Publication Date:
07 December 2020 (online)

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