Int J Sports Med 2021; 42(06): 566-572
DOI: 10.1055/a-1289-9307
Behavioural Sciences

Exergaming and Aquatic Exercises Affect Lung Function and Weight Loss in Obese Children

Khadijeh Irandoust
1  Faculty of Social Sciences, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran
,
Morteza Taheri
1  Faculty of Social Sciences, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran
,
Cyrine H’mida
2  Education, Motricity, Sport and Health (EM2S), High Institute of Sport and Physical Education, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
3  Institut Supérieur du Sport et de l’Education Physique de Sfax, Université de Sfax, Sfax, Tunisie
,
Gabriel Rodrigues Neto
4  Center for Higher Education and Development (CESED – UNIFACISA / FCM / ESAC), Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil
,
Khaled Trabelsi
2  Education, Motricity, Sport and Health (EM2S), High Institute of Sport and Physical Education, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
3  Institut Supérieur du Sport et de l’Education Physique de Sfax, Université de Sfax, Sfax, Tunisie
,
5  Institute of Sport Science, Otto-von-Guericke-University, Magdeburg, Germany
,
Nizar Souissi
6  Activité Physique, Sport et Santé, UR18JS01, Observatoire National du Sport, Tunis, Tunisie
,
3  Institut Supérieur du Sport et de l’Education Physique de Sfax, Université de Sfax, Sfax, Tunisie
6  Activité Physique, Sport et Santé, UR18JS01, Observatoire National du Sport, Tunis, Tunisie
,
7  Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Nikaia, Greece
,
Thomas Rosemann
8  Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
,
Beat Knechtle
8  Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
9  Medbase St. Gallen Am Vadianplatz, St. Gallen, Switzerland
› Author Affiliations
Funding: This research has been granted by Imam Khomeini International University.

Abstract

We investigated the effect of exergames and aquatic exercises on lung function and weight loss in obese children. Sixty-one obese male primary-school children were randomly allocated to video game, aquatic exercise, and control groups. Lung functions and anthropometric variables were measured before and after the intervention and after one month (follow-up). In the video game group, an Xbox Kinect game was played for 60 min during three sessions a week. The aquatic aerobic exercise was performed three times per week and consisted of a warm-up, main exercises, and a cool down phase. For the video game group, there was a significant reduction in body weight between (i) pre- and (ii) post-intervention and follow-up. In the aquatic exercise group, there was a significant reduction in body weight between pre- and post-intervention and between pre-intervention and follow-up. Both exercise groups improved the waist/hip ratio index compared to the control group. Forced vital capacity was significantly improved in the follow-up of the video game group and the aquatic exercise group compared to the control group. A significant improvement was found in forced expiratory volume in the first second at post-intervention and follow-up in the video game and the aquatic exercise groups. Exergames and aquatic exercises improved weight loss and lung function in obese children.



Publication History

Received: 10 November 2019

Accepted: 30 September 2020

Publication Date:
11 November 2020 (online)

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