CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Ultrasound Int Open 2021; 07(01): E6-E13
DOI: 10.1055/a-1461-4714
Original Article

Controlled Attenuation Parameter in Healthy Individuals Aged 8–70 Years

1  Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
2  Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway
,
Anesa Mulabecirovic
1  Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
,
Edda Jonina Olafsdottir
2  Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway
,
Odd Helge Gilja
1  Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
3  Department of Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway
4  National Centre for Ultrasound in Gastroenterology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway
,
2  Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway
3  Department of Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway
4  National Centre for Ultrasound in Gastroenterology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway
,
Mette Vesterhus
5  Department of Medicine, Haraldsplass Diakonale Sykehus AS, Bergen, Norway
6  Department of Clinical Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Purpose Controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) is a non-invasive method to assess the presence of liver steatosis. It has been evaluated in children and adults, mainly in either the obese or in subjects with suspected liver disease. Our aim was to describe CAP in healthy non-obese subjects without suspected liver steatosis and to suggest cutoff levels for steatosis.

Materials and Methods We prospectively recruited 187 individuals aged 8–70 years. All underwent clinical examination, including height and weight measurement. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated and converted into z-scores. To exclude liver pathology, B-mode ultrasound and liver stiffness measurements were performed in all prior to CAP measurement. Blood was drawn for liver biochemistry in adults.

Results CAP was associated with BMI z-score across all ages. CAP started to rise alongside BMI z-score already in subjects with a BMI below average. CAP values were higher in adults than in children (p<0.001), and higher in adult males than adult females (p=0.014). CAP did not correlate with age within the adult or pediatric cohorts. CAP was highly correlated with the fatty liver index. 18 and 23% of subjects showed CAP above the suggested cutoff value for children and adults, respectively.

Conclusion CAP was correlated with BMI z-score, even in individuals with a below-average BMI . We found CAP above published cutoff values in a substantial proportion of presumably healthy, non-obese children and adults, warranting further research to clarify whether this represents non-obese non-alcoholic fatty liver disease or if reference values need adjustment.



Publication History

Received: 04 December 2020
Received: 16 February 2021

Accepted: 21 March 2021

Publication Date:
04 May 2021 (online)

© 2021. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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