CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Laryngorhinootologie 2022; 101(S 01): S36-S78
DOI: 10.1055/a-1731-9321

Cochlear Implantation: Concept, Results Outcomes and Quality of Life

Article in several languages: deutsch | English
T. Lenarz
1   Hals-Nasen-Ohrenklinik der Medizinischen Hochschule Hannover
A. Büchner
1   Hals-Nasen-Ohrenklinik der Medizinischen Hochschule Hannover
A. Illg
1   Hals-Nasen-Ohrenklinik der Medizinischen Hochschule Hannover
› Author Affiliations


Cochlear implant today are an essential method of auditory rehabilitation in patients with severe to profound hearing loss. Due to the rapid development of implant technology the results have been markedly improved. Today about 80 % of patients can use the telephone and children achieve near to normal hearing and speech development. In consequence, more patients are candidates for a cochlear implant today including those with high frequency deafness and single sided deafness. However, today only 60,000 out of 1 Million CI-candidates in Germany have been implanted so far. In future multi modal universal auditory implants will provide combined electric-mechanical stimulation to make best use of the residual auditory hearing and the electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve. They allow a continuous adaptation of the stimulation strategy onto the given functional status of haircells and auditory nerve fibers especially in cases of progressive hearing loss. Brain computer interfaces will allow the automated fitting and adaptation to the acoustic scene by optimizing the signal processing for best possible auditory performance. Binaural hearing systems will improve directional hearing and speech perception in noise. Advanced implants are composed of individualized electrodes by additive manufacturing which can be inserted atraumaticly by a computer and robot assisted surgery. After insertion they automatically adept to the anatomy of the individual cochlear. These advanced implants are composed with additional integrated biological components for the preservation of residual hearing and regeneration of neural elements to improve the electrode nerve interface. This will allow to increase the number of electrical contacts as a major step towards the bionic ear. This will allow overcoming the principal limits of today’s cochlear implant technology. Advanced care models will allow an easy way for the patient towards hearing preservation cochlear implantation under local anesthesia using minimal invasive high precision cochlear implant surgery. These implant systems will become a personal communicator with improved connectivity. Remote care and self-fitting will empower the patient to optimize his own hearing.

Publication History

Article published online:
23 May 2022

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