Subscribe to RSS
Effects of Resistance Priming Exercise on Within-day Jumping Performance and its Relationship with Strength Level
This study aimed to identify the effects of same-day resistance priming exercise on countermovement jump parameters and subjective readiness, and to identify whether baseline strength level influenced these outcomes. Fourteen participants performed two separate conditions (Priming [2 sets high-load parallel squats with a 20% velocity loss cut-off] and Control) in a randomized, counterbalanced crossover design. Countermovement jump was assessed at pre, post and 6 h while readiness was assessed at pre and at 6 h only. All countermovement jump force-time metrics were similar between conditions (p>0.05), but different individual responses were noted 6 h after priming. Jump height was increased for 4/14, decreased for another 4/14, and maintained for 6/14 participants at 6 h. Higher perceived physical performance capability (p<0.001) and activation balance (p=0.005) were observed after priming only. Positive relationships were observed between strength and the percentage change in jump height (r=0.47–0.50; p=0.033–0.042), concentric peak velocity (r=0.48–0.51; p=0.030–0.041) and impulse (r=0.47; p=0.030–0.045) at post and 6 h after priming exercise. These findings suggest that velocity-based high-load low-volume priming exercise has potential to positively impact jump performance and subjective readiness later that day in certain individuals. Participant absolute strength level may influence this response but should be confirmed in subsequent studies.
Received: 08 March 2022
Accepted: 08 July 2022
Accepted Manuscript online:
12 July 2022
Article published online:
07 October 2022
© 2022. Thieme. All rights reserved.
Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany
- 1 Cormie P, McBride JM, McCaulley GO. Power-time, force-time, and velocity-time curve analysis of the countermovement jump: impact of training. J Strength Cond Res 2009; 23: 177-186 DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181889324.
- 2 Lesinski M, Prieske O, Granacher U. Effects and dose-response relationships of resistance training on physical performance in youth athletes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med 2016; 50: 781-795
- 3 Suchomel TJ, Lamont HS, Moir GL. Understanding vertical jump potentiation: a deterministic model. Sports Med 2016; 46: 809-828 DOI: 10.1007/s40279-015-0466-9.
- 4 Rud B, Øygard E, Dahl EB. et al. The effect of resistance exercise priming in the morning on afternoon sprint cross-country skiing performance. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 2021; 16: 1786-1793 DOI: 10.1123/ijspp.2020-0881.
- 5 Dahl EB, Øygard E, Paulsen G. et al. Morning preconditioning exercise does not increase afternoon performance in competitive runners. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 2021; 16: 1816-1823 DOI: 10.1123/ijspp.2020-0747.
- 6 Cook CJ, Kilduff LP, Crewther BT. et al. Morning based strength training improves afternoon physical performance in rugby union players. J Sci Med Sport 2014; 17: 317-321 DOI: 10.1016/j.jsams.2013.04.016.
- 7 González-García J, Giráldez-Costas V, Ruiz-Moreno C. et al. Delayed potentiation effects on neuromuscular performance after optimal load and high load resistance priming sessions using velocity loss. Eur J Sport Sci 2020; 1-28 DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2020.1845816.
- 8 Mason BRJ, Argus CK, Norcott B. et al. resistance training priming activity improves upper-body power output in rugby players: implications for game day performance. J Strength Cond Res 2017; 31: 913-920 DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001552.
- 9 Tsoukos A, Veligekas P, Brown LE. et al. Delayed effects of a low-volume, power-type resistance exercise session on explosive performance. J Strength Cond Res 2018; 32: 643-650 DOI: 10.1519/jsc.0000000000001812.
- 10 Harrison PW, James LP, Jenkins DG. et al. Time course of neuromuscular, hormonal, and perceptual responses following moderate- and high-load resistance priming exercise. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 2021; 16: 1472-1482 DOI: 10.1123/ijspp.2020-0646.
- 11 Nishioka T, Okada J. Influence of strength level on performance enhancement using resistance priming. J Strength Cond Res 2022; 36: 37-46 DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000004169.
- 12 Saez Saez de Villarreal E, González-Badillo JJ, Izquierdo M. Optimal warm-up stimuli of muscle activation to enhance short and long-term acute jumping performance. Eur J Appl Physiol 2007; 100: 393-401 DOI: 10.1007/s00421-007-0440-9.
- 13 Tillin N, Bishop DJ. Factors modulating post-activation potentiation and its effects on performance. Sports Med 2009; 39: 147-166
- 14 Seitz LB, Villarreal ESD, Haff GG. The temporal profile of postactivation potentiation is related to strength level. J Strength Cond Res 2014; 28: 706-715 DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182a73ea3.
- 15 González-García J, Aguilar-Navarro M, Giráldez-Costas V. et al. Time course of jump recovery and performance after velocity-based priming and concurrent caffeine intake. Res Q Exerc Sport 2022; 1-13 DOI: 10.1080/02701367.2022.2041162.
- 16 Morán-Navarro R, Pérez CE, Mora-Rodríguez R. et al. Time course of recovery following resistance training leading or not to failure. Eur J Appl Physiol 2017; 117: 2387-2399 DOI: 10.1007/s00421-017-3725-7.
- 17 Hernández-Belmonte A, Courel-Ibáñez J, Conesa-Ros E. et al. Level of effort: a reliable and practical alternative to the velocity-based approach for monitoring resistance training. J Strength Cond Res 2021; DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000004060. Online ahead of print.
- 18 Pallarés JG, López-Samanes Á, Moreno J. et al. Circadian rhythm effects on neuromuscular and sprint swimming performance. Biol Rhythm Res 2013; 45: 51-60 DOI: 10.1080/09291016.2013.797160.
- 19 Moir GL. Three different methods of calculating vertical jump height from force platform data in men and women. Meas Phys Educ Exerc Sci 2008; 12: 207-218 DOI: 10.1080/10913670802349766.
- 20 McMahon JJ, Suchomel TJ, Lake JP. et al. Understanding the key phases of the countermovement jump force-time curve. Strength Cond J 2018; 40: 96-106 DOI: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000375.
- 21 Marrier B, Durguerian A, Robineau J. et al. Preconditioning strategy in rugby-7s players: beneficial or detrimental?. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 2018; 14: 918-926 DOI: 10.1123/ijspp.2018-0505.
- 22 Kölling S, Schaffran P, Bibbey A. et al. Validation of the Acute Recovery and Stress Scale (ARSS) and the Short Recovery and Stress Scale (SRSS) in three English-speaking regions. J Sports Sci 2020; 38: 130-139 DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2019.1684790.
- 23 Portney LG, Watkins MP. Foundations of Clinical Research: Applications to Practice. 3rd ed. Hoboken, NJ: Pearson; New Jersey: 2007
- 24 Hopkins WG. How to interpret changes in an athletic performance test. Sportscience 2004; 8: 1-7
- 25 Hopkins WG, Marshall SW, Batterham AM. et al. Progressive statistics for studies in sports medicine and exercise science. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2009; 41: 3-12 DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31818cb278.
- 26 Pareja-Blanco F, Rodríguez-Rosell D, Aagaard P. et al. Time course of recovery from resistance exercise with different set configurations. J Strength Cond Res 2020; 34: 2867-2876 DOI: 10.1519/jsc.0000000000002756.
- 27 Taylor JL, Amann M, Duchateau J. et al. Neural contributions to muscle fatigue: from the brain to the muscle and back again. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2016; 48: 2294-2306 DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000923.
- 28 McKenna MJ, Bangsbo J, Renaud JM. Muscle K+, Na+, and Cl- disturbances and Na+-K+ pump inactivation: Implications for fatigue. J Appl Physiol (1985) 2008; 104: 288-295 DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.01037.2007.
- 29 Sánchez-Medina L, González-Badillo JJ. Velocity loss as an indicator of neuromuscular fatigue during resistance training. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2011; 43: 1725-1734 DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e318213f880.
- 30 Martínez-Cava A, Morán-Navarro R, Sánchez-Medina L. et al. Velocity- and power-load relationships in the half, parallel and full back squat. J Sports Sci 2019; 37: 1088-1096 DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2018.1544187.
- 31 Suchomel TJ, Nimphius S, Stone MH. The importance of muscular strength in athletic performance. Sports Med 2016; 46: 1419-1449 DOI: 10.1007/s40279-016-0486-0.
- 32 Cook CJ, Beaven CM. Salivary testosterone is related to self-selected training load in elite female athletes. Physiol Behav 2013; 116–117: 8-12 DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2013.03.013.
- 33 Nässi A, Ferrauti A, Meyer T. et al. Development of two short measures for recovery and stress in sport. Eur J Sport Sci 2017; 17: 894-903 DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2017.1318180.