Int J Sports Med
DOI: 10.1055/a-1898-4888
Training & Testing

Effects of Resistance Priming Exercise on Within-day Jumping Performance and its Relationship with Strength Level

1   Education and Health Faculty, Camilo Jose Cela University, Villafranca del Castillo, Spain
2   Universidad Francisco de Vitoria, Faculty of Health Sciences, Madrid, Spain
,
Christopher Latella
3   School of Medical and Health Sciences, Centre for Human Performance, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Australia
,
Millán Aguilar-Navarro
2   Universidad Francisco de Vitoria, Faculty of Health Sciences, Madrid, Spain
,
Blanca Romero-Moraleda
4   Department of Physical Education, Sport and Human Movement, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
5   Applied biomechanics and sports technology research group, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

This study aimed to identify the effects of same-day resistance priming exercise on countermovement jump parameters and subjective readiness, and to identify whether baseline strength level influenced these outcomes. Fourteen participants performed two separate conditions (Priming [2 sets high-load parallel squats with a 20% velocity loss cut-off] and Control) in a randomized, counterbalanced crossover design. Countermovement jump was assessed at pre, post and 6 h while readiness was assessed at pre and at 6 h only. All countermovement jump force-time metrics were similar between conditions (p>0.05), but different individual responses were noted 6 h after priming. Jump height was increased for 4/14, decreased for another 4/14, and maintained for 6/14 participants at 6 h. Higher perceived physical performance capability (p<0.001) and activation balance (p=0.005) were observed after priming only. Positive relationships were observed between strength and the percentage change in jump height (r=0.47–0.50; p=0.033–0.042), concentric peak velocity (r=0.48–0.51; p=0.030–0.041) and impulse (r=0.47; p=0.030–0.045) at post and 6 h after priming exercise. These findings suggest that velocity-based high-load low-volume priming exercise has potential to positively impact jump performance and subjective readiness later that day in certain individuals. Participant absolute strength level may influence this response but should be confirmed in subsequent studies.



Publication History

Received: 08 March 2022

Accepted: 08 July 2022

Accepted Manuscript online:
12 July 2022

Article published online:
07 October 2022

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