CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Int J Sports Med 2023; 44(02): 108-116
DOI: 10.1055/a-1930-5376

The Efficacy of Physical Fitness Training on Dance Injury: A Systematic Review

Yanan Dang
1   School of Sport, University of Wolverhampton, Walsall, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
2   Faculty of Humanities, Beijing Dance Academy, China
Ruoling Chen
3   School of Health, University of Wolverhampton Faculty of Education Health and Wellbeing, Walsall, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Yannis Koutedakis
4   Sport Sciences, University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece
Matthew Alexander Wyon
1   School of Sport, University of Wolverhampton, Walsall, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
5   National Institute of Dance Medicine and Science, Birmingham, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
› Author Affiliations
Funding This work was supported by the China Scholarship Council for their financial contribution (YD.).


Greater levels of physical fitness have been linked to improved dance performance and decreased injury incidence. The aim was to review the efficacy of physical fitness training on dance injury. The electronic databases CINAHL, Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science, MEDLINE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure were used to search peer-reviewed published articles in English or Chinese. Studies were scored using Strength of the Evidence for a Conclusion and a risk bias checklist. 10 studies met the inclusion criteria from an initial 2450 publications. These studies offered physical fitness training for professional (n=3) and pre-professional dancers (n=7), participant sample size ranged between 5 to 62, ages from 11 to 27 years, and most participants were females. Assessment scores were classified as Fair (n=1), Limited (n=7), and Expert Opinion Only (n=2) and risk of bias scores ranged from 22.7–68.2%. After physical fitness training, 80% of studies reported significant benefits in injury rate, the time between injuries, pain intensity, pain severity, missed dance activities and injury count. This review suggests that physical fitness training could have a beneficial effect on injury incidence in dance. The evidence is limited by the current study methodologies.

Supplementary Material

Publication History

Received: 22 March 2022

Accepted: 23 August 2022

Accepted Manuscript online:
24 August 2022

Article published online:
04 November 2022

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