Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2024; 132(01): 33-38
DOI: 10.1055/a-2213-4375
Article

Is There A Connection Between Primary Hypophysitis and Celiac Disease?

Zehra Kara
1   Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, Istanbul, Turkey
,
Tuğçe Eşkazan
2   Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Istanbul, Turkey
,
Serdar Şahin
1   Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, Istanbul, Turkey
,
Emre Durcan
3   Bağcılar Training and Research Hospital, Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, Istanbul, Turkey
,
Cem Sulu
1   Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, Istanbul, Turkey
,
Ahmet Numan Demir
1   Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, Istanbul, Turkey
,
Serhat Uysal
1   Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, Istanbul, Turkey
,
Hande Mefkure Özkaya
1   Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, Istanbul, Turkey
,
Erkan Yılmaz
4   Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Department of Organ Transplantation, HLA Laboratory, Istanbul, Turkey
,
Ali İbrahim Hatemi
2   Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Istanbul, Turkey
,
İbrahim Murat Bolayırlı
5   Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Department of Biochemistry, Istanbul, Turkey
,
1   Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, Istanbul, Turkey
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Aim To investigate the autoimmune and genetic relationship between primary hypophysitis (PH) and celiac disease (CD).

Methods The study was retrospective and patients with PH followed in our clinic between 2007 and 2022 were evaluated. Clinical, endocrinologic, pathologic, and radiologic findings and treatment modalities were assessed. Patients diagnosed with CD in the Gastroenterology outpatient clinic in 2020–2022 were included in the study as a control group. Information such as sociodemographic data, year of diagnosis, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) DQ2/8 information, CD-specific antibody levels, pathologic results of duodenal biopsy, treatment received, follow-up status, additional diseases, hormone use, and surgical history was obtained from patient records at PH.

In patients diagnosed with PH, a duodenal biopsy was obtained, and the tissue was examined for CD by experienced pathologists. Anti-pituitary antibody (APA) and anti-arginine-vasopressin (AAVP) antibody levels of individuals with PH and CD were measured.

Results The study included 19 patients with lymphocytic hypophysitis, 30 celiac patients, and 30 healthy controls. When patients diagnosed with lymphocytic hypophysitis were examined by duodenal biopsy, no evidence of CD was found in the pathologic findings. The detection rate of HLA-DQ2/8 was 80% in celiac patients and 42% in PH (p=0.044). (APA and AAVP antibodies associated with PH were tested in two separate groups of patients and in the control group. APA and anti-arginine vasopressin (AAVP) levels in PH, CD and healthy controls, respectively M [IQR]: 542 [178–607];164 [125–243]; 82 [74–107] ng/dL (p=0.001), 174 [52–218]; 60 [47–82]; 59 [48–76] ng/dL (p=0.008) were detected. The presence of an HLA-DQ2/8 haplotype correlates with posterior hypophysitis and panhypophysitis (r=0.598, p=0.04 and r=0.657, p=0.02, respectively).

Conclusion Although patients with PH were found to have significant levels of HLA-DQ2/8, no CD was found in the tissue. Higher levels of pituitary antibodies were detected in celiac patients compared with healthy controls, but no hypophysitis clinic was observed at follow-up. Although these findings suggest that the two diseases may share a common genetic and autoimmune basis, the development of the disease may be partially explained by exposure to environmental factors.

Additional material



Publication History

Received: 15 July 2023
Received: 14 November 2023

Accepted: 17 November 2023

Accepted Manuscript online:
17 November 2023

Article published online:
18 January 2024

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