Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2024; 228(03): 278-285
DOI: 10.1055/a-2222-6568
Original Article

Effects of Face-to-Face Education Followed by Mobile Messaging to Primiparas on Maternal-Neonatal Care, Breastfeeding, and Motherhood Experience: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Esra Sabancı Baransel
1   Midwifery, İnönü Üniversitesi, Malatya, Turkey
Birgül Ekici Çalışkan
1   Midwifery, İnönü Üniversitesi, Malatya, Turkey
› Author Affiliations


Objective This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of education on breastfeeding and basic maternal-neonatal care and mobile message support given to primiparous women in the postpartum period on breastfeeding and motherhood experiences.

Methods This prospective randomized controlled study was conducted in a hospital located in a city in Turkey, with 130 primiparous patients in the postpartum period (65 individuals in the experimental group and 65 individuals in the control group). Participants in the experimental group were provided with education on breastfeeding and basic maternal-neonatal care at the hospital, and mobile messages were sent with the same content as an education program for six weeks after discharge.

Results Mean scores of the breastfeeding self-efficacy (58.95 vs. 54.87; P<.05) and breastfeeding attitude (60.80 vs. 57.55; P<.05) are significantly higher in the experimental group compared to the control group. Similarly, the mean score of satisfaction with the motherhood experience is significantly improved in the experimental group compared to the control group (22.95 vs. 26.46; P<.05). It was determined that 89.2% of the women in the experimental group were still breastfeeding; 93.8% of them did not have nipple problems, and 60% of them did not use a bottle or pacifier in the six-month postpartum period (P<.05).

Conclusion Education on breastfeeding and basic maternal-neonatal care given in the early postpartum period and mobile messages sent for six weeks after discharge may help to improve breastfeeding self-efficacy, breastfeeding attitude, and maternal experience satisfaction among primiparous women.

Publication History

Received: 17 August 2023

Accepted after revision: 20 November 2023

Article published online:
29 January 2024

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