CC BY 4.0 · Arch Plast Surg
DOI: 10.1055/a-2312-8945

Advancing Immediate Breast Reconstruction Surgery in Pakistan: Bridging Literature Gaps and Meeting Patient Needs

Abdullah Bin Faisal
1   Medical College, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan (Ringgold ID: RIN9615)
Fatima Shahid
2   Medical College, King Edward Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan (Ringgold ID: RIN66886)
Laiba Khalid
1   Medical College, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan (Ringgold ID: RIN9615)
3   Surgery, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan (Ringgold ID: RIN9615)
› Author Affiliations

Breast cancer ranks as the most diagnosed cancer globally and the leading cause of cancer mortality in women, with Pakistan exhibiting a particularly high incidence. However, breast reconstruction surgery, a critical intervention post-mastectomy, remains underutilized in Pakistan due to various barriers. Recent studies shed light on patient perspectives and outcomes regarding immediate breast reconstruction (IBR), indicating its positive impact on psychosocial well-being. Despite these insights, significant literature gaps persist, including the need for comprehensive national data, addressing cultural and awareness barriers, improving access and education, and prioritizing patient-centered care. This short communication underscores the urgency of addressing these gaps to advance breast reconstruction surgery in Pakistan. By conducting comprehensive studies, tackling cultural barriers, and prioritizing patient-centered care, we can ensure improved care and quality of life for Pakistani breast cancer patients. This call to action aims to transform the landscape of breast reconstruction surgery in Pakistan, offering hope for a brighter future for patients.

Publication History

Received: 03 November 2023

Accepted after revision: 15 April 2024

Accepted Manuscript online:
24 April 2024

© . The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, permitting unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction so long as the original work is properly cited. (

Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.
333 Seventh Avenue, 18th Floor , NY 10001 New York, USA