Endoscopic Management of Exophthalmos
10 February 2009 (online)
Endoscopic orbital decompression is a valuable technique for treatment of patients with proptosis, exposure keratopathy, or optic neuropathy from Graves' orbitopathy. Compared with traditional open approaches, the endoscopic technique provides enhanced visualization and avoids the morbidity of incisions within the facial skin, oral cavity, or conjunctiva. This article describes the authors' techniques for performing endoscopic orbital decompression.
Orbital decompression - Graves' disease - Graves' ophthalmopathy - proptosis - diplopia