Horm Metab Res 2009; 41(6): 488-499
DOI: 10.1055/s-0029-1215572
Review

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Modeling Thyroid Cancer in the Mouse

X-G. Zhu 1 , S-Y. Cheng 1
  • 1Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
Further Information

Publication History

received 02.02.2009

accepted 03.03.2009

Publication Date:
08 April 2009 (online)

Abstract

Thyroid carcinomas, the most common endocrine tumors in humans, have an increasing incidence in the U.S. and worldwide. There are four major types of thyroid cancers: papillary, follicular, anaplastic, and medullary carcinomas. In recent years, significant progress has been made in the identification of genetic alterations in thyroid carcinomas, particularly, papillary and medullary thyroid cancers. Mouse models of thyroid cancer are valuable tools in elucidating molecular genetic changes underlying thyroid carcinogenesis and in identifying potential molecular targets for therapeutic intervention. Representative mouse models of papillary, follicular, and medullary carcinomas are reviewed here with particular emphasis on those for follicular thyroid carcinomas. Challenges for further development in the modeling of thyroid cancer will also be discussed.

References

Correspondence

S-y. Cheng

Laboratory of Molecular Biology

National Cancer Institute

37 Convent Dr, Room 5128

Bethesda

20892-4264 MD

USA

Phone: +1/301/496 42 80

Fax: +1/301/402 13 44

Email: [email protected]