J Knee Surg 2005; 18(3): 183-191
DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1248179
Original Article

© 2005 Thieme Medical Publishers

Preliminary Clinical Results of Two Techniques for Addressing Graft Tunnel Mismatch in Endoscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

Nikhil N. Verma, Michael G. Dennis, Dominic S. Carreira, John Bojchuk, Jennifer K. Hayden, Bernard R. Bach Jr 
  • The Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rush Medical College, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Ill
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
27 January 2010 (online)


This study reports the initial clinical results of 540° of graft rotation or free tibial bone block to address graft tunnel mismatch in endoscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The operative reports of patients who underwent endoscopic ACL reconstruction between 1999 and 2001 were reviewed. Nine of 11 patients treated with a free tibial bone block and 14 of 17 patients treated with 540° of graft rotation were evaluated. Mean follow-up was 20 months (range: 13-40 months) for the bone block group and 34 months (range: 18-48 months) for the 540° group.

There were statistically significant improvements in physical examination test results postoperatively, and only one patient in the 540° group had a grade one positive pivot shift test. KT-1000 arthrometer testing demonstrated a statistically significant decrease in manual maximum and side-to-side differences at final follow-up. Mean Lysholm and Noyes sports function scores were excellent or good for all patients. One patient required reoperation for flexion contracture, one patient required an arthroscopic irrigation and debridement for a minor infection, and one patient required arthroscopic subtotal medial meniscectomy for failed meniscal repair. No difference was noted between these results and previous results of patients undergoing conventional endoscopic ACL reconstruction. These results demonstrate graft rotation and free bone block techniques are effective in addressing graft tunnel mismatch in endoscopic ACL reconstruction.