Facial plast Surg 2011; 27(1): 016-022
DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1270420
© Thieme Medical Publishers

Anatomic Considerations in the Aging Face

Richard A. Zoumalan1 , Wayne F. Larrabee1
  • 1The Larrabee Center for Facial Plastic Surgery, Seattle, Washington
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
18 January 2011 (online)

ABSTRACT

A thorough knowledge of the anatomy of the aging face is essential to a safe and effective operation. Over time, the face undergoes changes in skin and subcutaneous tissues evidenced by rhytides and thinning. There are also changes in the tone and character of facial muscles. Changes in fat structures in the face cause aesthetic changes that can be addressed surgically. Knowledge of the anatomy of the face and neck will aid in understanding the changes that occur with aging and will allow for a more complete strategy in rejuvenating the aging face.