Facial plast Surg 2011; 27(1): 067-076
DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1270424
© Thieme Medical Publishers

Extended Lower Eyelid Skin Muscle Blepharoplasty

Daniel E. Rousso1 , Agata K. Brys1
  • 1Rousso Facial Plastic Surgery Clinic, Birmingham, Alabama
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
18 January 2011 (online)


A patient presenting to a facial plastic surgeon with lower eyelid aging often has accompanying midface descent. Many surgical options exist to address these deformities. Blepharoplasty techniques include both the transcutaneous skin-muscle flap as well as the transconjunctival approach. The midface can be addressed via a multitude of techniques, including percutaneous suspension of the malar fat pad, deep plane dissections, subperiosteal and endoscopic midface lifts, and transorbital approaches. Patients who have some midface ptosis but do not meet the standard criteria for formal midface lifting, or who want to avoid the extended recovery associated with such techniques, could benefit from less invasive procedures. We propose the extended skin muscle blepharoplasty to address midface descent and lower lid aging to patients as an alternative to formal midface lifting. The extended skin muscle blepharoplasty is an excellent technique for patients with orbicularis hypertrophy, skin redundancy, a tear trough deformity, and premalar ptosis, as it addresses each of these deformities with minimal downtime. Results for patients with mild but visible midface descent are gratifying.