Int J Sports Med 2011; 32(5): 373-378
DOI: 10.1055/s-0031-1271762
Training & Testing

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Age- and Gender-Associated Variation in Maximal-Intensity Exercise Performance in Adolescent Rowers

P. Mikulic1 , G. Markovic1
  • 1School of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Department for Kinesiology of Sport, Zagreb, Croatia
Further Information

Publication History

accepted after revision January 03, 2011

Publication Date:
04 March 2011 (online)


We aimed to (1) characterize the 30-s maximal-intensity exercise performance using a Wingate rowing test in 12- to 18-year-old female rowers grouped by age, and (2) to compare the obtained performance indicators (i. e., mean- and maximal power output) with those of male rowers (n=297) of the same age. 193 female rowers (mean±SD: 14.9±1.9 years; range: 12.0–18.9 years) completed a maximal 30-s test on a rowing ergometer. An ANOVA with Bonferroni post-hoc analyses was used to compare the performances among the age groups, and age-related increases in performance up to age 15 with a plateau in performance thereafter, were observed. The age-related increases in performance were reduced by approximately one half when the effects of body mass were statistically removed with the use of ANCOVA. Gender-associated differences in Wingate rowing test performance were observed from age 13 (p<0.05, +19–22% in favour of males) and increased thereafter. Between the ages of 16 and 18, these differences appeared to change very little and ranged between ∼50–60% (all p<0.001). This pattern of gender-associated differences was similar, although the differences were reduced in relative terms by about one third, when the body mass of rowers of both sexes was statistically removed using ANCOVA analyses.


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Dr. Pavle MikulicPhD 

School of Kinesiology

University of Zagreb

Department for Kinesiology

of Sport

Horvacanski zavoj 15

10 000 Zagreb


Phone: +385/1/3658 607

Fax: +385/1/3638 450