Int J Sports Med 2011; 32(10): 771-775
DOI: 10.1055/s-0031-1277206
Training & Testing

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Does Upper Body Strength and Power Influence Upper Body Wingate Performance in Men and Women?

D. Lovell1 , D. Mason1 , E. Delphinus1 , A. Eagles1 , S. Shewring1 , C. McLellan2
  • 1The University of the Sunshine Coast, School of Health and Sport Sciences, Maroochydore, Australia
  • 2Bond University, Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Gold Coast, Australia
Further Information

Publication History

accepted after revision April 14, 2011

Publication Date:
26 May 2011 (online)


The aim of this study was to determine the influence of muscular strength and power on upper body Wingate performance in men and women. Muscular strength (1 repetition maximum bench press), muscular power (bench throws) and upper body anaerobic performance (Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT)) was assessed in 24 men and 16 women. Men had significantly (P<0.001) higher absolute and relative peak and mean power and blood lactate concentration during the WAnT compared to their female counterparts. Men also produced significantly (P<0.001) higher strength and absolute and relative peak and mean power during the bench press and throw, respectively, compared to the female participants. For men body mass and mean power produced during the bench throw explained approximately 84% and 87% of the variance in Wingate peak (P<0.001 and P=0.039, respectively) and mean (P<0.001 and P=0.028, respectively) power. For women mean power produced during the bench throw explained approximately 72% and 52% of the variance in Wingate peak (P=0.002) and mean (P=0.017) power, respectively. For men body mass and to a lesser extent muscular power best predicts upper body Wingate performance while for women only muscular power predicts upper body Wingate performance.


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Dr. Dale LovellPhD 

The University of the Sunshine


School of Health and Sport


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4556 Maroochydore


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