Int J Sports Med 2011; 32(10): 781-787
DOI: 10.1055/s-0031-1277215
Training & Testing

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Combined Effects of Whole-Body Vibration, Resistance Exercise, and Vascular Occlusion on Skeletal Muscle and Performance

F. Item1 , 2 , J. Denkinger1 , P. Fontana1 , 3 , M. Weber4 , U. Boutellier1 , 2 , M. Toigo1 , 2 , 3
  • 1Exercise Physiology, Institute of Human Movement Sciences and Sport, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
  • 2Institute of Physiology and Zurich Center for Integrative Human Physiology, University of Zurich, Switzerland
  • 3exersciences gmbh, Zurich, Switzerland
  • 4Department of Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland
Further Information

Publication History

accepted after revision April 18, 2011

Publication Date:
25 August 2011 (online)


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a new high-intensity training modality comprised of vibration exercise with superimposed resistance exercise and vascular occlusion (vibroX) on skeletal muscle and performance. Young untrained women were randomized to either train in a progressive mode on 3 days per week for 5 weeks (n=12) or to maintain a sedentary lifestyle (n=9). VibroX increased peak cycling power (+9%, P=0.001), endurance capacity (+57%, P=0.002), ventilatory threshold (+12%, P<0.001), and end-test torque (+15%, P=0.002) relative to the sedentary group. Training load increased by 84.5% (P<0.001) after vibroX. The increases were paralleled by increases in myosin heavy chain type 1 vastus lateralis muscle fiber cross-sectional area (+14%, P=0.031) and proportion (+17%, P=0.015), thigh lean mass (+4%, P=0.001), capillary-to-fiber ratio (+14%, P=0.003), and cytochrome c oxidase activity. Conversely, maximal values for oxygen consumption, cardiac output, isokinetic leg extension power and jumping power remained unaffected. Notably, vastus lateralis muscle adaptations were achieved with a very low weekly training volume. We conclude that vibroX quickly increases muscle (fiber) size, capillarization, and oxidative potential, and markedly augments endurance capacity in young women.


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Dr. Marco Toigo

ETH Zurich, Exercise Physiology

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