Semin Neurol 2012; 32(02): 146-153
DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1322585
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Vascular Myelopathies

Parham Moftakhar
1  Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, UCSF Medical Center, University of California, San Francisco, California
,
Steven W. Hetts
2  Division of Interventional Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology, UCSF Medical Center, University of California, San Francisco, California
,
Nerissa U. Ko
3  Division of Neurovascular Service, Department of Neurology, UCSF Medical Center, University of California, San Francisco, California
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
08 September 2012 (online)

Abstract

Vascular abnormalities of the spinal cord are an important cause of myelopathy. Clinicians need to be aware of these disorders as they can present with a variety of neurologic symptoms ranging from acute spinal neurologic emergencies, relapsing/remitting spells to gradually progressive dysfunction. The unique topography and vascular anatomy of the spinal cord lends to the variety of clinical presentations. Both ischemic and hemorrhagic insults can occur. Increased clinical suspicion, better detection with newer imaging modalities and early treatment can often impact outcomes. The authors review clinical diagnoses, novel imaging, and advanced treatment modalities for the most common causes of vascular myelopathy.