Facial plast Surg 2012; 28(06): 596-602
DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1329934
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Management of Head and Neck Lymphatic Malformations

Karthik Balakrishnan1, Jonathan Perkins2, 3
  • 1Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
  • 2Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, Washington
  • 3Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
27 November 2012 (online)

Abstract

Lymphatic malformations are congenital vascular malformations most commonly found in the head and neck and typically presenting early in life. Although this disease entity has been recognized for more than a century, there is currently no standardization of disease staging or classification, of treatment paradigms, or of outcome measures. A wide variety of treatment modalities have been proposed. This article reviews diagnostic, evaluation, and treatment strategies for head and neck lymphatic malformations. It also provides the reader specific information to improve treatment outcomes in patients with these lesions. Finally, it advocates for standardization of LM assessment and treatment.