Facial plast Surg 2012; 28(06): 590-595
DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1329937
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Vascular Neoplasms and Malformations Involving the Airway

George F. Harris IV1, David R. White1
  • 1Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
27 November 2012 (online)

Abstract

Vascular anomalies fall into two groups: vascular neoplasms and vascular malformations. Their behaviors differ, therefore they require different methods of management. Vascular lesions of the airway involve some degree of airway obstruction, although this may not be their primary manifestation. Areas of narrowing along this pathway have functional consequences for respiration, swallowing, speech, and growth, as well as overall development and quality of life. Small amounts of airway narrowing may be significant, and there are important differences between the adult and pediatric airway. Although lesions can be distractingly large, deforming, or completely hidden from view, the clinician should focus on evaluating for impairments of function. Awake flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopy is the first diagnostic step. Imaging is critical to both diagnosis and management of vascular anomalies, as specific diagnoses lead to varying treatment options. Management of vascular anomalies of the airway requires knowledge of treatment options and multidisciplinary care.