Semin Neurol 2012; 32(04): 332-346
DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1331807
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Clinical Anatomy and Imaging of the Cranial Nerves and Skull Base

Ruchira M. Jha
1   Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
2   Division of Hospital Neurology, Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
,
Joshua P. Klein
2   Division of Hospital Neurology, Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
29 January 2013 (online)

Abstract

Evaluation of patients with cranial neuropathies requires an understanding of brainstem anatomy and nerve pathways. Advances in neuroimaging, particularly high spatial resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), have enabled visualization of these tiny structures and their related pathology. This review provides an approach toward using imaging in the evaluation of cranial nerve (CN) and skull base anatomy and pathology. Because brainstem nuclei are inextricably linked to the information contained within CNs, they are briefly mentioned whenever relevant; however, a comprehensive discussion of brainstem syndromes is beyond the scope of this review.