Int J Sports Med 2013; 34(11): 956-962
DOI: 10.1055/s-0033-1334870
Training & Testing
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Vibration or Balance Training on Neuromuscular Performance in Osteopenic Women

N. Stolzenberg
1   Centre for Muscle and Bone Research, Charité Berlin, Berlin, Germany
D. L. Belavý
1   Centre for Muscle and Bone Research, Charité Berlin, Berlin, Germany
R. Rawer
2   Novotec Medical GmbH, Novotec, Pforzheim, Germany
D. Felsenberg
1   Centre for Muscle and Bone Research, Charité Berlin, Berlin, Germany
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

accepted after revision 21 January 2013

Publication Date:
02 April 2013 (online)


Maintaining neuromuscular function in older age is an important topic for aging societies, especially for older women with low bone density who may be at risk of falls and bone fracture. This randomized controlled trial investigated the effect of resistive exercise with either whole-body vibration training (VIB) or coordination/balance training (BAL) on neuromuscular function (countermovement jump, multiple 1-leg hopping, sit-to-stand test). 68 postmenopausal women with osteopenia or osteoporosis were recruited for the study. 57 subjects completed the 9-month, twice weekly, intervention period. All subjects conducted 30 min of resistance exercise each training day. The VIB-group performed additional training on the Galileo vibration exercise device. The BAL-group performed balance training. An "intent-to-treat" analysis showed greater improvement in the VIB-group for peak countermovement power (p=0.004). The mean [95% confidence interval] effect size for this parameter was a  + 0.9[0.3 to 1.5] W/kg greater change in VIB than BAL after 9 months. In multiple 1-leg hopping, a significantly better performance in the VIB-group after the intervention period was seen on a "per-protocol" analysis only. Both groups improved in the sit-to-stand test. The current study provides evidence that short-duration whole-body vibration exercise can have a greater impact on some aspects of neuromuscular function in post-menopausal women with low bone density than proprioceptive training.

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