Int J Sports Med 2014; 35(13): 1095-1100
DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1375695
Training & Testing
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

The Evolution of Physical and Technical Performance Parameters in the English Premier League

C. Barnes
1  Sports Science, CB Sports Performance Ltd, Rugeley, United Kingdom
3  Sports Science Department, West Bromwich Albion, United Kingdom
,
D. T. Archer
2  Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Sunderland, Sunderland, United Kingdom
,
B. Hogg
2  Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Sunderland, Sunderland, United Kingdom
,
M. Bush
2  Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Sunderland, Sunderland, United Kingdom
,
P. S. Bradley
2  Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Sunderland, Sunderland, United Kingdom
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History



accepted after revision 13 April 2014

Publication Date:
10 July 2014 (online)

Abstract

This study examined the evolution of physical and technical soccer performance across a 7-season period in the English Premier League. Match performance observations (n=14 700) were analysed for emergent trends. Total distance covered during a match was ~2% lower in 2006–07 compared to 2012–13. Across 7 seasons, high-intensity running distance and actions increased by ~30% (890±299 vs. 1 151±337 m, p<0.001; ES: 0.82) and ~50% (118±36 vs. 176±46, p<0.001; ES: 1.41), respectively. Sprint distance and number of sprints increased by ~35% (232±114 vs. 350±139 m, p<0.001; ES: 0.93) and ~85% (31±14 vs. 57±20, p<0.001; ES: 1.46), respectively. Mean sprint distance was shorter in 2012–13 compared to 2006–07 (5.9±0.8 vs. 6.9±1.3 m, p<0.001; ES: 0.91), with the proportion of explosive sprints increasing (34±11 vs. 47±9%, p<0.001; ES: 1.31). Players performed more passes (35±17 vs. 25±13, p<0.001; ES: 0.66) and successful passes (83±10% vs. 76±13%, p<0.001; ES: 0.60) in 2012–13 compared to 2006–07. Whereas the number of short and medium passes increased across time (p<0.001; ES>0.6), the number of long passes varied little (p<0.001; ES: 0.11). This data demonstrates evolution of physical and technical parameters in the English Premier League, and could be used to aid talent identification, training and conditioning preparation.