Int J Angiol 2014; 23(03): 177-182
DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1382288
Original Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Ascending Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms Protect Against Myocardial Infarctions

Katherine Chau
1   Aortic Institute at Yale-New Haven, Yale University, School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut
John A. Elefteriades
1   Aortic Institute at Yale-New Haven, Yale University, School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
28 August 2014 (online)


There has been increasing evidence that ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs) protect against atherosclerosis. However, there have been no studies examining the relationship between ascending TAAs and clinical endpoints of atherosclerosis, such as stroke or peripheral arterial disease. In this study, we aim to characterize the relationship between TAAs and a specific clinical endpoint of atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction (MI). We compared prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and MIs in 487 patients who underwent surgical repair for ascending TAAs to 500 control patients who did not have an ascending TAA. Multivariate binary logistic regression was used to calculate the odds of having MI if a patient had an ascending TAA versus any of several MI risk factors. There was a significantly lower prevalence of CAD and MI in the ascending TAA group than in the control TAA group. The odds of having a MI if a patient had a MI risk factor were all > 1 (more likely to have a MI), with the lowest statistically significant odds ratio being 1.54 (age; p = 0.001) and the highest being 14.9 (family history of MI; p < 0.001). The odds ratio of having a MI if a patient had an ascending TAA, however, was near 0 at 0.05 (p < 0.001). This study provides evidence that ascending TAAs protect against MIs, adding further support to the hypothesis that ascending TAAs protect against atherosclerotic disease.

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