Int J Sports Med 2015; 36(05): 395-399
DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1390496
Training & Testing
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Effect of Concurrent Training with Blood Flow Restriction in the Elderly

C. A. Libardi
1  Department of Physical Education, Federal University of São Carlos – UFSCar, São Carlos, Brazil
,
M. P. T. Chacon-Mikahil
2  School of Physical Education, State University of Campinas – UNICAMP, Campinas, Brazil
,
C. R. Cavaglieri
2  School of Physical Education, State University of Campinas – UNICAMP, Campinas, Brazil
,
V. Tricoli
3  School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo – USP, São Paulo, Brazil
,
H. Roschel
3  School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo – USP, São Paulo, Brazil
,
F. C. Vechin
3  School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo – USP, São Paulo, Brazil
,
M. S. Conceição
2  School of Physical Education, State University of Campinas – UNICAMP, Campinas, Brazil
,
C. Ugrinowitsch
3  School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo – USP, São Paulo, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History



accepted after revision 14 August 2014

Publication Date:
20 February 2015 (online)

Abstract

The aim of this present study was to investigate on the effects of concurrent training with blood flow restriction (BFR-CT) and concurrent training (CT) on the aerobic fitness, muscle mass and muscle strength in a cohort of older individuals. 25 healthy older adults (64.7±4.1 years; 69.33±10.8 kg; 1.6±0.1 m) were randomly assigned to experimental groups: CT (n=8, endurance training (ET), 2 days/week for 30–40 min, 50–80% VO2peak and RT, 2 days/week, leg press with 4 sets of 10 reps at 70–80% of 1-RM with 60 s rest), BFR-CT (n=10, ET, similar to CT, but resistance training with blood flow restriction: 2 days/week, leg press with 1 set of 30 and 3 sets of 15 reps at 20–30% 1-RM with 60 s rest) or control group (n=7). Quadriceps cross-sectional area (CSAq), 1-RM and VO2peak were assessed pre- and post-examination (12 wk). The CT and BFR-CT showed similar increases in CSAq post-test (7.3%, P<0.001; 7.6%, P<0.0001, respectively), 1-RM (38.1%, P<0.001; 35.4%, P=0.001, respectively) and VO2peak (9.5%, P=0.04; 10.3%, P=0.02, respectively). The BFR-CT promotes similar neuromuscular and cardiorespiratory adaptations as CT.