Semin Neurol 2015; 35(01): e14-e22
DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1549095
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Mechanisms of Traumatic Brain Injury

Derek Bauer
1   Department of Neurology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee
,
Monica L. Tung
2   Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, Maryland
,
Jack W. Tsao
1   Department of Neurology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee
2   Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, Maryland
3   Department of Neurology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland
4   US Navy Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, Washington, DC
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
27 March 2015 (online)

Abstract

The authors describe the mechanisms of traumatic brain injury (TBI), examining in depth the characteristics of closed head, penetrating, and blast-related TBI. Events on a structural as well as cellular level are reviewed. Blast-related brain injury, in particular, affects military service members preferentially, but is also relevant in cases of industrial accidents as well as terrorist events.