Int J Sports Med 2015; 36(14): 1206-1211
DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1555860
Behavioural Sciences
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Physical Activity, Sitting Time and Mortality in Older Adults with Diabetes

D. Martínez-Gómez
1   Department of Physical Education, Sport and Human Movement, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
P. Guallar-Castillon
2   Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid/IdiPaz, Madrid, Spain, CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain
J. Mota
3   Research Centre in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure (CIAFEL), Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
E. Lopez-Garcia
4   Preventive Medicine, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
F. Rodriguez-Artalejo
4   Preventive Medicine, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

accepted after revision 12 June 2015

Publication Date:
02 September 2015 (online)


The purpose of this study was to examine the independent and combined association of physical activity (PA) and sitting time (ST) with all-cause mortality in older adults with diabetes. A total of 611 individuals representative of the Spanish diabetic population aged≥60 years. Participants were selected in 2000/2001 and were prospectively followed-up through 2011. PA and ST were self-reported at baseline. Study associations were summarized as hazard ratios (HR) and their 95% confidence interval (CI). During a mean follow-up of 8.3 years, 282 deaths occurred. The HR (95% CI) of mortality for very/moderately active individuals compared to those who were inactive/less active was 0.59 (0.45, 0.78). The association between ST and mortality was non-linear (P<0.001 in spline analysis), and mortality was increased only among individuals who reported a ST>8 h/day (HR=1.77, 95% CI 1.25, 2.52). The HR (95% CI) of mortality was 0.50 (0.32, 0.77) in participants who either were very/moderately active or had ST≤8 h/day, and 0.32 (0.20, 0.50) in those with both health behaviors, compared to those with none of these behaviors. In conclusion, among older adults with diabetes, high PA and less ST are independently and jointly associated with lower risk of all-cause mortality.


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