J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2015; 76(06): 499-507
DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1558418
Technical Note
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Cerebral Nitinol Stenting in Progressive Stroke and in Crescendo TIAs

Or Cohen-Inbar
1   Department of Neurosurgery, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel
Yaaqov Amsalem
2   Department of Interventional Neuroradiology, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

27 April 2014

31 March 2015

Publication Date:
09 September 2015 (online)


Background Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is the third leading cause of death. Arterial stenosis is a common cause of stroke, with a high risk of recurrent stroke. Treatment guidelines for AIS and transient ischemic attack (TIA) are still under debate. Treatment guidelines for progressive stroke or crescendo TIAs do not exist. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting (PTAS) is an increasingly attractive treatment option, whose efficacy is yet to be proven. However, stent placement poses both short- and long-term risks such as immediate ischemic events, in-stent stenosis, and stent breakage. Thus the choice of stent type is critical. We report our experience with the LEO + (Balt Extrusion, Montmorency, France) nitinol flexible self-expanding stent for the treatment of progressive cerebrovascular accident or crescendo TIAs.

Methods Twelve patients, presenting with a clinical picture of a crescendo TIA or progressive stroke in evolution not halted by optimal medical care, were treated. Patients had a corresponding major cerebral arterial narrowing and evidence of cerebral infarction on imaging. Patients were followed clinically and radiographically.

Results Twelve patients 17 to 80 years of age were treated during the study period (20 months). Sixteen nitinol flexible self-expandable stents (LEO +) were placed. All patients showed moderate to substantial improvement in neurologic functions after the procedure.

Conclusion PTAS should be considered a treatment option in case of progressive stroke or crescendo TIAs coupled with appropriate anatomical findings. This may allow for a substantial improvement in functional and neurologic status.

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