Facial plast Surg 2015; 31(05): 513-522
DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1567882
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Genioplasty

Mohammad Abadi
Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Private Practice, Hamburg, Germany
Division of Reconstructive Surgery and Microsurgery, University of Tehran, Iran
,
Omid Barahmand Pour
Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
18 November 2015 (online)

Abstract

With increasing aesthetic awareness, in addition to the forehead, nose, and cheekbone prominence, the chin nowadays is seen as one of the most important parts of the facial skeleton. The size and location of these areas of the skeleton in relation to the skull base and their three-dimensional positional relationship to each other are essential and contribute the individuality of a human face. The position of the chin has a strong influence on the assessment of the facial harmony; its different types and forms dominate the appearance. Furthermore, the expression of the chin is equated with character traits and thus it is an important component of the profile forms. Genioplasty is a routine procedure for the correction of aesthetic and functional deformity of the chin region. It is therefore one of the contour-enhancing surgical methods.