Facial plast Surg 2015; 31(06): 563-566
DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1567886
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Milestones in the History of Ear Reconstruction

Alexander Berghaus1, Marion San Nicoló2
  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Munich, Germany
  • 2Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Munich, Germany
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
14 December 2015 (online)

Abstract

The reconstruction of ear deformities has been challenging plastic surgeons since centuries. However, it is only in the 19th century that reports on partial and total ear reconstruction start increasing. In the quest for an aesthetically pleasing and natural-looking result, surgeons worked on the perfect framework and skin coverage. Different materials and flap techniques have evolved. Some were abandoned out of frustration, while others kept evolving over the years. In this article, we discuss the milestones in ear reconstruction—from ancient times to early attempts in Western civilization to the key chapters of ear reconstruction in the 20th century leading to the current techniques.