Facial plast Surg 2016; 32(05): 565-568
DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1586208
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Tissue Engineering and the Future of Facial Volumization

Marsha Reuther
Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Georgia Regents Health System, Augusta, Georgia
Deborah Watson
Division of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of California, San Diego, California
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
28 September 2016 (online)


Volume loss due to facial aging can be restored by facial volumization using a variety of materials. Volumization can be performed in isolation or concurrent with other facial rejuvenation procedures to obtain an optimal aesthetic result. There is a myriad of manufactured products available for volumization. The use of autologous fat as facial filler has been adopted more recently and possesses certain advantages; however, the ideal filler is still lacking. Tissue engineering may offer a solution. This technology would provide autologous soft-tissue components for use in facial volumization. The use of stem cells may enable customization of the engineered product for the specific needs of each patient.