Facial plast Surg 2017; 33(01): 034-042
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1598170
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Interpolated Flaps

Samkon Kaltho Gado1, Kaveh Karimnejad1, Ian A. Maher2, Paul J. Gruber2, Scott Walen3
  • 1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri
  • 2Department of Dermatology, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri
  • 3Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
22 February 2017 (online)

Abstract

Nasal reconstruction has been articulated in the literature since 700 B.C. when the earliest iteration of the forehead flap was described in the Indian medical treatise, the Sushruta Samhita. Since then it has evolved into the interpolated flap which has served as a powerful tool for facial reconstruction. The interpolated flap is constructed from nonadjacent donor tissue that has an inherent blood supply. It requires a multistaged approach and is best suited for reconstruction of large or deep defects of the nose. There are three types of interpolated flaps used for nasal reconstruction: the forehead, melolabial, and nasofacial interpolation flaps. The nose is the central feature of the human face and its placement is both aesthetic and functional. Any defects owing to accidental or iatrogenic trauma can cause physiologic and psychological injury to patients. This article aims to review the aforementioned flaps and give indications, contraindications, procedure details, and future directions of these flaps.