Thorac cardiovasc Surg
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1599058
Original Cardiovascular
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Clinical Results of Cardiac Surgery in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C and Their Role in Risk Models: A Case-Control Study

Cagdas Baran1, Mehmet Cakici1, Evren Ozcinar1, Serkan Durdu1, Bahadir Inan1, Mustafa Sirlak1, Ruchan Akar1
  • 1Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Ankara University, Cebeci Heart Center, Ankara, Turkey
Further Information

Publication History

21 September 2016

10 January 2017

Publication Date:
10 March 2017 (eFirst)

Abstract

Background To evaluate the results of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) following cardiac surgery in the TurcoSCORE (TrS) database.

Methods Sixty patients with HCV who underwent cardiac surgery between 2005 and 2016 in our clinic out of a total 8,018 patients from the TrS database were included in the study. The perioperative morbidity and mortality rates in these patients were compared with a matched cohort.

Results The mean follow-up time was 96.6 ± 12.3 months. Hospital mortality rates (HCV group 5% vs. control group 1.7%, p = 0.61) were similar between the groups. No significant difference was found in the duration of cardiopulmonary bypass (HCV 79.1 ± 12.3 vs. control 82.6 ± 11.8, p = 0.88) and cross clamps (HCV 33.4 ± 6.9 vs control 33.8 ± 7.2 p = 0.76) between the two groups. The rate of patients who were revised due to postoperative hemorrhage was significantly higher in the HCV arm compared with the matched cohort (HCV 13.3% vs. control 1.7%, p < 0.05). Although the measured prothrombin time (PT) and international normalized ratio (INR) in the postoperative 24th hour were in normal ranges in both arms, they were significantly higher in the HCV arm (HCV 11.2 ± 1.2 vs. control 10.5 ± 0.8, p < 0.05; HCV 0.99 ± 0.06, vs. control 0.92 ± 0.03, p < 0.0001).

Conclusion The presence of HCV can be an important prognostic factor for morbidity in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. It can also play an important role in the risk models generated for cardiac surgery.