Angioarchitecture of Hereditary Arteriovenous Malformations
11 September 2017 (online)
This article describes three hereditary conditions known to be associated with arteriovenous malformation (AVM), along with their clinical and imaging features and angiographic angioarchitecture. Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, capillary malformation–AVM (CM–AVM), and PTEN tumor hamartoma syndrome are conditions with autosomal dominant inheritance, caused by mutations in different molecular pathways, which frequently present with symptomatic AVMs. Imaging biomarkers, including sites of predilection, angioarchitecture, and tissue overgrowth patterns, are helpful in identifying these patients and selecting appropriate treatment.