Semin intervent Radiol 2017; 34(03): 272-279
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1605368
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Special Consideration for Intraosseous Arteriovenous Malformations

Young Soo Do1, Kwang Bo Park1
  • 1Department of Radiology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
11 September 2017 (online)


Intraosseous arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) have been associated with distortion, hypertrophy, osteolytic skeletal changes, bleeding, leg length discrepancy, and pathologic fracture. Computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging is helpful in the evaluation of the extent and depth of intraosseous AVMs and associated soft-tissue AVMs. Treatment approaches can differ, depending on the angiographic classification. Embolotherapy with ethanol, coils, or n-butyl cyanoacrylate is the primary treatment for symptomatic intraosseous AVMs, and the goal of treatment is symptom improvement with few complications.