CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Indian Journal of Neurosurgery 2018; 07(01): 001-004
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1649524
Special Article - Brief Communication
Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Private Ltd.

Pineal Gland—A Spiritual Third Eye: An Odyssey of Antiquity to Modern Chronomedicine

Raj Kumar
1   Department of Neurosurgery, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
Arushi Kumar
1   Department of Neurosurgery, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
Jayesh Sardhara
1   Department of Neurosurgery, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Received: 14 January 2018

accepted after revision: 06 March 2018

Publication Date:
25 May 2018 (online)


Pineal gland or “spiritual third eye” is regarded as the gateway of spiritual life as per ancient concepts about the soul. Recently, modern neuroscience has proven that pineal gland is not only the melatonin-secreting neuroendocrine organ which controls the circardian rhythm, but it also has mystical and energetic associations with spirituality. It acts as a tremendous coordinator between molecular, hormonal, physiological, and chemical rhythmic orchestra. Thus, in this article, by highlighting the relation between ancient Indian methodology and modern chronomedicine, the author describes the odyssey of antiquity to modern science.

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