The „Pumping Probe Technique“ and complete sealing stent – a new simple method for the detection and treatment of ureteric fistulae
20 September 2018 (online)
Ureteric fistulae after gynecological surgery are a typical postoperative (PO) complication. In the past, fistula detection was performed by X-Ray or CT. The aim of this study is to show that ultrasound using the novel „Pumping Probe Technique“ (PPT) is an alternative method of detecting fistulae. A new intermural complete sealing ureteric stent prevents leakage, covers the tissue and allows the tissue to heal without further measures.
In 59 cases between June 2012 to February 2017 we used the new PPT in both endoluminal sonography and elastography to visualize ureteric fistulae. The technique involves the forward and backward movement of an ultrasound probe to generate pressure in the fistula, thus leading to a movement of the fluid within so that it can be detected. We found 34 ureterico-vaginal fistulae, 10 ureteric-douglas fistulae, 12 ureteric-enteric fistulae and 3 arterio-ureteric fistula using this method. Each patient was then treated with the implantation of a self-expanding covered stent.
A fistula was detected by elastography in only 44 of the cases, however using ultrasound 52 of 59 were visualized, both imaging modalities were performed with the new PPT. X-Ray and CT were then used to confirm the diagnosis. In 54 of the 59 cases the fistula was successfully closed.
Endoluminal sonography and elastography using the novel PPT detected approximately 91% of the fistula cases. The subsequent management of ureteric fistulae with stents can be performed gently, safely and quickly. The cure rate was high at 91%.