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Prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV/AIDS in a country with limited resources: acceptability and implementation at the centre medical de Ratoma, Guinea-Conakry
20 September 2018 (online)
The objectives of this study were to:
Determine pregnant women participation rate in the mother to child HIV transmission prevention program during their pregnancy.
Assess the acceptability and the implementation of the mother to child transmission of HIV.
Patients and methods:
Pregnant women who accepted to be screened were included in this study. The study was prospective and descriptive and it lasted 6 months. It started on November 01,2016 and finished on April 30,2017.
1224 pregnant women were sensitized to accept to be HIV screened and after counseling 1046 of them were screened i.e. 85.45%. Out of these 1046 pregnant women 58 tested HIV positive i.e.5.5%.
The 20 – 24 age range was the most affected i.e.76.76%.
Housewives were the most affected (70.36%); secondary school and university students came next with 28.98%. In view of these screening results, pregnant women generally demonstrated a positive attitude with a 96.50% acceptance. 73.51% of HIV positive pregnant women were not happy to tell their partner about the screening result but 16.55% were happy to tell someone in their environment about it. And 9.94% accepted to inform their husband.
Exclusive breast feeding was noticed in almost all newly born babies i.e. 93.5% for economic reasons.
We recommend that the implementation of WHO B+ be continued to get pregnant women screened HIV positive under life ARV tri-therapy. This could effectively reduce the infection rate in children.
HIV, Acceptability, Ratoma, Guinea