CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Revista Fisioterapia Invasiva / Journal of Invasive Techniques in Physical Therapy 2019; 02(01): 29-38
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1681105
Review Article | Artículo de Revisión
Thieme Revinter Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Pathological Sonographic Values in Peripheral Nerve Entrapments—A Literature Review

Article in several languages: English | español
Jesús Miguel Bolívar Gázquez
1  Centro de Fisioterapia Jesús Bolívar, Calle Ignasi Ferretjans, Palma de Mallorca, Spain
Pablo Bellosta-López
2  Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad San Jorge, Grupo de Investigación iPhysio, Zaragoza, Spain
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
15 April 2019 (online)



Introduction In recent years, musculoskeletal ultrasound has become an important tool for the assessment of peripheral nerve entrapments in human subjects.

Objective To research sonographic pathological values of peripheral nerve entrapments and to verify the usefulness of ultrasound for the assessment of the same.

Material and Methods A literature search was conducted on the EBSCOHost platform between January 2016 and September 2017.

Results Fifty-four articles were included in this review. Ultrasound showed good diagnostic values for the ulnar tunnel syndrome at the level of the tunnel (sensitivity 72–99%; specificity 53–100%) and at the level of the medial epicondyle (sensitivity 72–92%; specificity 75–93%).

Conclusions Sonographic assessments may be considered a valid tool for the assessment of the peripheral nervous system. High diagnostic precision exists for the cross-sectional area in carpal tunnel syndrome and ulnar tunnel syndrome. There is a lack of evidence regarding the diagnosis of other neuropathies.